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            揭秘挖掘機:結構、按鍵控制及操作方式解析!

            日期:2024-02-05   來源:http://www.facepayx.com/

            在工程建設領域,挖掘機是必不可少的設備之一。正鏟挖掘機和反鏟挖掘機是兩種常見的挖掘機類型,它們在結構和操作方式上有一定的區別。本文將詳細分析正鏟挖掘機和反鏟挖掘機的區別,并對挖掘機的按鍵控制進行分析說明,同時闡述操作方式和注意事項。

            In the field of engineering construction, excavators are one of the essential equipment. Shovel excavators and backhoe excavators are two common types of excavators, which have certain differences in structure and operation methods. This article will provide a detailed analysis of the differences between front shovel excavators and backhoe excavators, and explain the key control of excavators, as well as explain the operating methods and precautions.

            一、正鏟挖掘機和反鏟挖掘機的區別

            1、 The difference between front shovel excavator and backhoe excavator

            結構差異

            Structural differences

            正鏟挖掘機的鏟斗垂直于地面,適合于挖掘停機面以上的土方。反鏟挖掘機的鏟斗與地面平行,適合于挖掘停機面以下的土方。

            The bucket of a front shovel excavator is perpendicular to the ground and suitable for excavating soil above the parking surface. The bucket of a backhoe excavator is parallel to the ground and is suitable for excavating soil below the parking surface.

            工作方式差異

            Differences in working methods

            正鏟挖掘機的工作方式是直接挖掘停機面以上的土方,然后將土方卸載到運輸設備上。反鏟挖掘機則是將鏟斗插入地面以下,將土方鏟起后提升到運輸設備之上。

            The working method of a shovel excavator is to directly excavate the soil above the parking surface, and then unload the soil onto the transportation equipment. Backhoe excavators insert the bucket below the ground, lift the soil, and lift it onto the transportation equipment.

            適用場景差異

            Differences in applicable scenarios

            正鏟挖掘機適用于挖掘停機面以上的土方,如道路、橋梁、河道等工程。反鏟挖掘機則適用于挖掘停機面以下的土方,如基坑、地基、隧道等工程。

            The front shovel excavator is suitable for excavating soil above the parking surface, such as roads, bridges, rivers, and other engineering projects. Backhoe excavators are suitable for excavating soil below the parking surface, such as foundation pits, foundations, tunnels, and other engineering projects.

            二、挖掘機按鍵控制分析

            2、 Analysis of excavator button control

            現代挖掘機通常采用計算機化的控制方式,通過操作鍵盤和顯示屏實現對挖掘機的控制。以下是一些常見的挖掘機按鍵和控制功能:

            Modern excavators typically use computerized control methods, which control the excavator through the operation of a keyboard and display screen. The following are some common excavator buttons and control functions:

            主控開關:用于開啟和關閉挖掘機的電源。

            Main control switch: used to turn on and off the power of the excavator.

            油門控制:控制發動機的轉速,從而調整挖掘機的工作速度。

            Accelerator control: Control the engine speed to adjust the working speed of the excavator.

            2020.3.19(16)

            鏟斗操作:控制鏟斗的升降、旋轉和挖掘動作。

            Bucket operation: Control the lifting, rotation, and digging actions of the bucket.

            臂桿和履帶操作:控制臂桿的伸展和收縮,以及履帶的轉向和速度。

            Arm and track operation: Control the extension and contraction of the arm, as well as the turning and speed of the track.

            輔助設備操作:控制附屬設備的工作狀態,如破碎錘、液壓鉗等。

            Auxiliary equipment operation: Control the working status of auxiliary equipment, such as crushing hammers, hydraulic pliers, etc.

            顯示屏:顯示挖掘機的工作狀態、故障信息和維修指南等信息。

            Display screen: displays the working status, fault information, and maintenance guidelines of the excavator.

            三、操作方式和注意事項

            3、 Operating methods and precautions

            操作方式

            Operation method

            操作挖掘機時,駕駛員需要坐在駕駛室內,通過操作鍵盤和腳踏板來控制挖掘機的動作。操作過程中,駕駛員應保持穩定的姿勢,時刻注意周圍環境,確保操作。

            When operating an excavator, the driver needs to sit inside the cab and control the excavator's movements through the keyboard and foot pedals. During the operation, the driver should maintain a stable posture, always pay attention to the surrounding environment, and ensure safe operation.

            注意事項

            matters needing attention

            在使用挖掘機時,應注意以下事項:

            When using excavators, the following precautions should be taken:

            保持良好的視野,避免死角。

            Maintain a good view and avoid blind spots.

            在挖掘過程中,注意不要碰觸地下設施,如管道、電纜等。

            During the excavation process, be careful not to touch underground facilities such as pipelines, cables, etc.

            在坡道上作業時,確保機身平穩,避免滑倒。

            When working on slopes, ensure that the machine is stable and avoid slipping.

            遵循操作規程,避免超載和長時間連續作業。

            Follow operating procedures to avoid overloading and prolonged continuous operation.

            定期對挖掘機進行保養和維修,確保設備處于良好狀態。

            Regularly maintain and repair the excavator to ensure that the equipment is in good condition.

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